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Burmese

အသည်းရောင် အသားဝါ ဘီ (သို့မဟုတ် hep B) သည် ပြင်းထန်သော အသည်းရောဂါ ဖြစ်ပြီး ကမ္ဘာတစ်လွှားတွင် လူပေါင်း သန်းနှင့်ချီ၍ ဖြစ်နေ၊ အကျိုးသက်ရောက်မှုဖြစ်နေသည်။ ဤလက်ကမ်း စာစောင်သည် အသည်းရောင် အသားဝါ ဘီ ကို ပိုမို သိနားလည်ပြီး ယင်းကို မည်သို့ ကိုင်တွယ်ဖြေရှင်းရမည်ကို လေ့လာရာတွင် ကူညီပေးရန် ဖြစ်သည်။

ဤလက်ကမ်းစာစောင်တွင် အောက်ပါ အကြောင်းအရာ များကို လေ့လာနိုင်သည် -

  • နာတာရှည် hep B က အသည်းကို မည်သို့ ထိခိုက်စေသနည်း
  • hep B မည်သို့ ကူးစက်ပြန့်ပွားသနည်း
  • စမ်းသပ်စစ်ဆေးမှုနှင့် ကာကွယ်ဆေးထိုးခြင်း
  • နာတာရှည် hep B ကို မည်သို့ ကုသ သနည်း

Hepatitis B (or hep B) is a serious liver disease that affects millions of people across the world. This brochure is here to help you better understand hep B and learn how to manage it.

Inside this brochure, we will explore the following topics:

  • How chronic hep B affects the liver
  • How hep B is spread
  • Testing and vaccination
  • How chronic hep B is treated

Cambodian

ជំងឺរលាកថ្លើមប្រភេទ Bប(ឬ hep B)គឺជាជំងឺថ្លើមធ្ងន់ធ្ងរ ដែលប៉ះពាល់មនុស្សរាប់លាននាក់ទូទាំងពិភពលោក។ កូនសៀវភៅ មានបំណងជួយលោកអ្នកឲ្យយល់ដឹងកាន់តែប្រសើរអំពីជំងឺរលាកថ្លើមប្រភេទ B ហើយរៀនសូត្រអំពីរបៀបគ្រប់គ្រងជំងឺនេះ។

នៅខាងក្នុងកូនសៀវភៅនេះ យើងនឹងស្វែងយល់អំពីប្រធានបទ ដូចខាងក្រោម៖

  • របៀបដែលជំងឺរលាកថ្លើមប្រភេទ B រ៉ាំរៃប៉ះពាល់ដល់សុខភាពថ្លើម
  • របៀបដែលជំងឺរលាកថ្លើមប្រភេទ B ឆ្លង
  • ការធ្វើតេស្ត និងការចាក់ថ្នាំបង្ការ
  • របៀបដែលជំងឺរលាកថ្លើមប្រភេទ B រ៉ាំរៃ ត្រូវបានព្យាបាល

Hepatitis B (or hep B) is a serious liver disease that affects millions of people across the world. This brochure is here to help you better understand hep B and learn how to manage it.

Inside this brochure, we will explore the following topics:

  • How chronic hep B affects the liver
  • How hep B is spread
  • Testing and vaccination
  • How chronic hep B is treated

Hmong

Hom kab mob siab B (lossis hep B) yog ib hom kab mob siab txaus ntshai heev uas muaj ntau 100 vam tus tib neeg nyob thoob hauv ntiaj teb no mob. Phau me nyuam ntawv ntawm no yog los pab koj nkag siab zoo dua qub txog hom kab mob siab B thiab kawm los tswj tus mob no.

Nyob hauv phau me nyuam ntawv no, peb yuav tshawb txog cov ntsiab lus nram qab no:

  • Saib seb hom kab mob siab B tsis txawj zoo (chronic hep B) yuav ua li cas rau lub siab
  • Saib seb hom kab mob siab B yog sib kis tau zoo li cas
  • Kev kuaj thiab kev txhaj tshuaj tiv thaiv
  • Saib seb hom kab mob siab B tsis txawj zoo yog kho li cas

Hepatitis B (or hep B) is a serious liver disease that affects millions of people across the world. This brochure is here to help you better understand hep B and learn how to manage it.

Inside this brochure, we will explore the following topics:

  • How chronic hep B affects the liver
  • How hep B is spread
  • Testing and vaccination
  • How chronic hep B is treated

Somali

Cagaarshowga [Hepatitis B] (ama hep B) waa cudur caam ah ee saameeya malaayiin qof oo dunida dacaladeeda ku nool. Buugyarahan waxaa loogu talagalay inuu kaa caawiyo si aad wax uga fahamto xanuunka hep B iyo in aad barato sida aad u maarayn la hayd.

Buugyarahan dhexdiisa, waxaan ku faahfaahinnaynaa qodobaddan soo socda:

  • Sida xanuunkan raaga ee hep B beerkaaga u waxyeeleeyo
  • Sida cagaarshowga [hep B] u faafo
  • Baaritaanka iyo tallaalka
  • Sida xanuunkan raaga ee hep B beerkaaga u waxyeeleeyo

Hepatitis B (or hep B) is a serious liver disease that affects millions of people across the world. This brochure is here to help you better understand hep B and learn how to manage it.

Inside this brochure, we will explore the following topics:

  • How chronic hep B affects the liver
  • How hep B is spread
  • Testing and vaccination
  • How chronic hep B is treated

TOP

How do you get hep B

THE VIRUS

Hepatitis B is the world’s most common liver infection

Hep B is a serious and potentially deadly liver infection, but treatments are available for some patients. It is caused by becoming infected with the hep B virus (HBV). It can cause serious liver problems like inflammation, fibrosis, cirrhosis, and liver cancer.

Liver With Hep B

In the U.S., chronic (long-term) hep B affects many people

Up to 2 Million infected in the U.S.
  • Approximately 257 million people are infected worldwide
  • Every year, an estimated 786,000 deaths are linked to chronic hep B worldwide

People born in areas shaded in red have a higher risk* of hep B infection

People born in areas shaded in red have a higher risk of hep B infection

*Higher risk: 2% of population with hep B.

  • Most foreign-born people in the U.S. with chronic hepatitis B are from high-risk regions, including Asia and the Pacific Islands
  • Hep B is most common in the Western Pacific region and Africa. Over 6% of the adults in these areas are infected
  • Over 3% of the population in the Middle East is infected with hepatitis B
  • In Southeast Asia, approximately 2% of the general population has hepatitis B

DON’T WAIT If you or your parents were born in a higher risk area, the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) recommends getting tested for hep B.

In the U.S., chronic hep B most commonly affects people from Asia, the Pacific Islands, and parts of Africa

If left untreated, up to 1 in 4 people with chronic hep B develop liver problems such as cirrhosis and liver cancer
1 in 12 Asian Americans have chronic hep B If left untreated, up to 1 in 4 people with chronic hep B develop liver problems such as cirrhosis and liver cancer
Approximately 1 in 10 African-born people in the U.S. have chronic hep B Chronic hep B is a major cause of liver cancer, which is the #1 cause of death of men in Africa
CHRONIC HEP B

What happens if I get hep B?

  • When someone is first infected, it is called an ACUTE infection.
  • A person's body may fight off the infection.
  • However, if a person has had hepatitis B for more than 6 months, it’s called CHRONIC hepatitis B.

Hep B is sometimes called a “silent killer” because even if you don’t feel sick, the virus may be active and causing liver damage. However, chronic hep B can be managed.

Most people with chronic hep B have NO symptoms and feel healthy. However:

  • They can still infect others
  • They may already have liver damage

It is important to talk to your doctor if you have any of the following symptoms:

  • Jaundic (yellowish eyes & skin)

    Jaundice
    (yellowish eyes & skin)

  • Flu-like symptoms

    Flu-like
    symptoms

  • Nausea & vomiting

    Nausea
    & vomiting

  • Joint pain

    Joint pain

  • Upper right stomach pain

    Upper right
    stomach pain

  • Lack of appetite

    Lack of
    appetite

  • Tiredness

    Tiredness

  • Light-colored stools/Dark urine

    Light-colored stools/
    Dark urine

EFFECTS ON THE LIVER

The liver is a vital organ that you can’t live without

The liver is the largest organ inside the body

The liver is a vital organ that you can’t live without
  • Processes what you eat and drink into energy and nutrients
  • Fights off infection
  • Removes harmful chemicals from your blood
  • Makes substances that help digest food

Chronic hepatitis B can be slowly causing damage without your knowledge and may lead to:

  • Inflammation

  • Fibrosis

  • Cirrhosis

  • Liver Cancer

Healthy liver Inflamed liver Scarring of the liver Severe scarring that may affect the way your liver functions Chronic hep B is a major cause of liver cancer
  • 15-25% of people with chronic hep B may develop serious liver problems, including cirrhosis or liver cancer
  • Chronic hep B is a major cause of liver cancer
HOW THE VIRUS IS SPREAD

How do you get hep B? The ONLY way to get the hepatitis B virus is from coming into contact with infected blood or bodily fluid.

  • You CAN
    get it

  • You can NOT
    get it from

How the virus is spread How you CAN get hep B How you can NOT get hep B
  • If you were born in a high-risk area, the most common way to get hep B is if your mother had hep B when you were born
  • From infected blood after an injury, bite, or scratch
  • By exchanging bodily fluids during sex
  • By sharing unsterilized needles
    (including tattoo or body piercing tools)
  • Touching
  • Kissing
  • Drinking alcohol
  • Food, water, or air
  • Sharing cups and utensils